Espalier tree is art of taking a tree diagram, bush, or vine to grow on a flat plane. It is a European technique that has been used for hundreds of years, specially for fruit trees. This technique makes a beautiful plant structure, and is efficient in keeping space in a little surface area. Trees directed in this method are generally taken aim plane against a wall, space, edifice or in some cases as a free-standing screen or hedging. It is an easy way for a backyard gardener to have room in a little grounds to care for and hold attractive fruit trees.
Espalier Apple trees, Lend themselves well to many espalier forms such as hedges, double cordon, vertical cordon, palmetto, and Belgian Fence.
Espalier Apricot trees, Can be pruned to hedges and fan shapes. Needs fairly heavy pruning.
Espalier Peach and Nectarine trees,They fruit on new wood only, requires vigorous pruning to produce new fruiting branches and to maintain espalier form. Best styles are hedge or fan.
Espalier Fig trees, Usually large espaliers, as you can see in the above photo. Either fan shape or natural form for tall espaliers, or low horizontal-armed shapes.
Espalier Persimmon trees, The Oriental persimmon is one of the best for a large, informal espalier.
Espalier Pomegranate trees, They do best with informal shapes, or in four, six, or eight-armed cordons.